October 01, 2018

Categories: Coating Solutions, Corrosion control, News, rust inhibitor, rust prevention


Rust Inhibitors protect parts in storage or transit. Iron rusts quickly when exposed to air and humidity but it can be prevented.

Benefits of rust inhibitors:

  • Container-ship_81414991-copyReduce parts inventory.
  • Maintain dry, clean parts ready for assembly.
  • Reduce complaints and charges-back due to rust stained parts and equipment


Wax compounds – Cosmoline is one of the oldest rust inhibitors. It is a greasy, waxy substance that was used extensively to preserve post war military equipment, and is still used to prevent automotive disc brake rotors from rusting. Over time, Cosmoline becomes hard and must be removed by heat or solvent cleaning. Today it is not widely used to protect components waiting processing.

Solvent based oils and lubricants are used to prevent parts from rusting. They are generally inexpensive and work for interior storage. Different types are used with varying results. While inexpensive, they can contaminate other surfaces and usually require removal before the part can be used.

Water based rust inhibitors provide an environmentally sound alternative to petroleum based products. They leave a nearly invisible, dry, non-oily film that prevents parts from rusting for up to two years in interior storage, and they usually do not have to be removed before processing or painting. Testing is required to ensure compatibility with fabrication and painting.

Vapor phase corrosion inhibitors are solid materials that emit molecules that prevent parts from rusting. The part is sealed in a plastic bag to contain and surround the part with the corrosion inhibitive vapor. The corrosion inhibitor is either part of the plastic used to make the bag, or it is held in a small container placed within the plastic bag. In either case, the vapor is emitted to the prevent parts from rusting.

Peel-off corrosion inhibitive coatings provide mechanical protection against nicks, scratches, and over-spray. These coatings provide temporary protection  against corrosion during storage or shipment and then are peeled or washed off.

Combination systems use multiple types of corrosion inhibitors. For example, they may combine a water based rust inhibitor with a vapor phase inhibitor to protect high value parts exposed to a marine environment.


What environment will the part be exposed to?

  1. Climate controlled interior storage.
  2. Interior storage with fluctuating temperature.
  3. Exterior storage but shielded from weather.
  4. Exterior storage exposed to normal weather conditions.
  5. Marine environment– exposed to salt air and condensation.

How long will the part be in storage or transit?



  1. Six months
  2. Six months to one year
  3. One to two years

What should its condition be at the end of storage?

  1. Rust free but requires removal of the rust inhibitor before use.
  2. Dry, non-oily but requires light cleaning.
  3. Ready-for-use.

How can the rust inhibitor be applied?

  1. Aerosol, low pressure garden spray, conventional spray, dip, brush ….?

What economic value is gained by keeping the item rust free?

  1. Lowered finished goods inventory.
  2. Limited surface preparation at end of storage.
  3. Dry, clean parts and equipment
  4. Reduced complaints and back-charges.

Carbit can help. As part of our service, we will conduct laboratory tests to determine which Rust Inhibitor not only prevents rust but fits into your process. Contact us for more information at 312-280-2300, or email –

Oil-based versus Water-based Paints

September 01, 2018

Categories: Coating Solutions, News, Paint Knowledge

The distinction between oil-based versus water-based paints was established when latex house paints were introduced in the 60’s. Until that time, architectural and industrial paints and equipment could not be thinned or cleaned up with water, but instead required a solvent-based thinner. Most of these thinners are derived from petroleum products and the paints that contained these thinners are known as “oil-based”.

Latex paints made a huge change in the market because they could be thinned with water, and equipment clean-up became much easier and faster.

All paints contain some thinner that is added at the factory. The thinner, either an oil-based solvent or ordinary water, is added to thin, or reduce the factory mixture so the paint can be brushed, rolled, or sprayed.

There are other differences between oil and water-based paints besides their obvious chemical makeup:

  • Ambient temperature conditions differ on how or when they can be applied and stored, with water-based paints being more restrictive.
  • Water-based paints are generally more environmentally friendly and are a consideration when dealing with regulatory requirements, waste management, air quality, or worker safety.
Table comparing oil-based and water-based paint features

Table comparing oil-based and water-based paint features

Carbit Paint produces both oil-based and water-based paints for a wide range of industrial uses. For more information when comparing your options, call 312-280-2300 and ask for Dave Westerman Jr. (ext 312) or Bob Lyons (ext 344).

Painting Forklifts

August 01, 2018

Categories: Coating Solutions, Equipment Paint, News


Painting forklifts isn’t the same as repainting Mercedes-Benzes, but you couldn’t tell it from the cost of the aftermarket paint sold by the manufacturer. We all expect to pay a premium for “genuine” parts but there are several reasons to question whether that value carries over to forklift paint.

Forklift paint needs to:Forklifts collage

  1. Match the OEM color and gloss
  2. Cover in one coat
  3. Dry quickly
  4. Be economical

First, aside from the color, it is unlikely that the aftermarket paint is the same paint that is applied in the factory. The surface preparation, application and curing procedure used in the factory, requires a different paint than what can be used in a shop environment.

Second, OEMs mark up the cost of the paint they supply to their dealers, and dealers have to absorb this extra cost or pass it on to their customers.

Third, even if all the conditions were the same, few customers would be willing to pay to remove the original paint, repair all the dings and scratches, and re-prime to get that “original factory finish.”

And finally, as experienced painters know, even if you have exactly the same can of paint used in the factory, it is very difficult to get the same finish. There are too many variables in addition to color that affect the final appearance – sprayer type, application rate, temperature and humidity, etc.

Carbit Forklift Paint Features:

  • Popular OEM colors in stock
  • High hiding yellows, reds and oranges
  • Application direct to metal or over existing paint
  • Fast drying, solvent or water based paints

Carbit Paint in Chicago has forklift paint to match many of the most popular brands – Hyster, Clark, Yale, Caterpillar and others. Carbit’s forklift paint has superior coverage because dry color pigments are added in the factory, not liquid colors added in the store. This is particularly important with yellows, reds and oranges. These pigments add opacity and are used to make fast drying solvent and water based paints that can be applied directly to metal or over existing paint.

For more information call Dave Westerman Jr. or Bob Lyons at 312-280-2300 or email



July 01, 2018

Categories: Coating Solutions, Emergency lighting, Glow in the dark, News


Emergency lighting is undergoing many changes. Some of the changes are driven by experience and others are driven by improved technology.

A Dept. of Commerce report and a Maryland Fire Protection Engineering study are two examples of how non-electrical lighting (Photoluminescent, aka glow-in-the-dark materials) are used to mark exit pathways:

Glow Lit and Dark

Following the 1993 bombing of the WTC several improvements were made to egress lighting by including battery operated emergency lighting and photoluminescent floor strips.

  1. Now the NFPA Life Safety Code and International Building Code have provisions for photoluminescent or self-luminous exit path markings. The significant difference here is that the LSC has provisions for this, but leaves it up to the occupancy chapters to mandate it and none do at this time. In the IBC, such marking is now required in exit stair enclosures and exit passageways in high-rise buildings that contain assembly, business, educational, institutional, mercantile and hotels. (See 403.5.5and 1024.)¹
  2.  Photoluminescent materials glow-in-the-dark because they store energy received from ultraviolet light emitted by the sun or by most artificial lights. The stored energy is then released as visible light in darkness.²

Photoluminescent materials may be molded into plastic or mixed into paint. They glow-in-the dark to highlight signage, stairs, walls or railings to mark exit paths.

Carbit has developed No. 377 Safety Marking Paint to meet the standards established by ANSI, ASTM and the NYC Code for photoluminescent paints. This paint is particularly useful in providing floor level luminous egress path markings, as specified in NFPA 101 and required in the model codes (IBC, IFC),and many local codes.

No. 377 Safety Marking Paint Features Read more…


November 21, 2014

Categories: Coating Solutions, News, Paint Audit, Paint Knowledge

It is easy to predict the thickness of paint after it dries. All that is required is that you know the “percentage of volume-solids” of the paint and that you have a “wet-film-thickness gauge”. The paint’s volume-solids (not to be confused with “weight-solids”) is listed on the Product Data Sheet, which can be found on the paint manufacturer’s website. A “wet-film-thickness” (WFT) can be purchased at professional paint stores or online, or obtained Free from Carbit.

Free WFT gauge In previous articles I discussed “paint volume solids”, which I described as “what’s left after the paint dries”. In that article I explained that as paint dries it shrinks in direct proportion to its volume solids. For example, a paint with 50% volume solids will lose one-half of its volume as it dries. If it is 4 mils when wet it will be 2 mils thick (4 x 50%) when dry.  Paint Volume Solids Wet Film Thickness Fortunately, the

Wet-Film-Thickness (WFT) of a coating can be easily measured with a Wet-Film-Thickness Gauge.

To use a WFT Gauge you depress the graduated edge of the gauge into the layer of wet paint immediately after it has been applied. Withdraw vertically and note deepest tooth having paint on it and the next higher tooth that is not coated with paint. The true wet film thickness lies between these two readings.


In the U.S. the thickness of paint is expressed in mils (one mil equals 1/1000 of inch). The rest of the world expresses coating thickness in microns (1 micron = 1 millionth of a meter and 25.4 microns = .001” inch or 1 mil). The table below compares the thickness of common materials in mils and microns. table of comm mtrls

Being able to predict the thickness of paint has many practical benefits:

  • It ensures that you are applying the correct amount of paint to achieve the performance properties of the coating.
  • Coating thickness correlates to dry-time, recoat time and appearance.
  • And, the ability to predict the thickness of paint helps you control cost.

For more information or help to predict the thickness of paint that you are applying complete our “get-in-touch” form below or call us at 312-280-2300. Bob Lyons – Carbit Paint Company, LLC – November 2004

Two Component Polyurethane Enamel

September 03, 2014

Categories: Coating Solutions, Made-to-order paint, News, Polyurethane

Two component (also referred to as 2K) polyurethane enamels are paints that require the intermixing of resin with a hardener. This causes a reaction that chemically bonds the two components together to produce a paint film that is generally  superior to one component paints in several ways:

  1. Chemical resistance
  2. Fade resistance
  3. Abrasion resistance

While not all two component polyurethanes are equal in composition and performance, as a class, they are considered the gold standard for liquid coatings. Their excellent appearance and durability make them a popular finishing choice for a wide range of products and substrates.


Cars Metal
Aircraft Wood
Ships Plastic
Tractors Glass
Furniture Porcelain
Electronics Concrete

The cost of two component polyurethane ranges from $75 to $150 per gallon depending on the color. Although more expensive than one component enamels, 2K polyurethanes are often more cost effective because of their superior gloss, color retention and excellent durability.

Additionally, saturated colors – bright reds, yellows, blues and greens – can be made by intermixing high-hiding bases that require fewer coats or less film thickness for full coverage, which reduces material and labor cost.

Carbit Paint in Chicago supplies CARBITHANE, a two component acrylic polyurethane, in standard (see Industrial Color Card) and custom colors using its proprietary intermix system. Whether you need a gallon or a drum, a red or a blue, a satin or a gloss, Carbit can provide the solution.

Author: Bob Lyons, Carbit Paint Co.

How To Dry Paint Fast

June 30, 2014

Categories: Coating Solutions, Infrared cure, News, Paint Problem

Our customer’s often ask, “How can I dry paint faster?”, but what they really want to know is:

  • How fast can I handle the part?
  • How fast can I package the product?
  • How fast can I ship the product?

Handling, packaging and shipping products with paint that is not fully dry and cured can lead to many problems.

  • Complaints caused by missed shipping dates due to waiting for paint to harden.
  • Rejects and returns due to parts sticking together or sticking to packaging materials.
  • Loss of goodwill due to poor coating appearance.

BGK Infrared Oven

It is generally recognized that time and temperature affects the rate of most chemical processes, including the drying and curing of paint.  For example, higher temperature for a given length of time generally results in faster drying and curing of a paint.

Predicting the amount of heat and the length of time required to dry paint faster involves several variables:

  1. The type and weight of the part being painted.
  2. The type of coating.
  3. How the heat is generated and transferred to the coating.
  4. The ability to measure the temperature of the painted part.
  5. The ability to maintain a constant temperature.

Carbit Paint Company in Chicago can help determine how to dry paint faster through the use of its BGK Infrared Smart Oven.  This oven has a microprocessor that links fast response, short wave infrared emitters to internal pyrometers (thermometers) that measure the temperature of the painted surface. The combination of fast emitter response and measurement of the part temperature provides a constant temperature for a specified period of them.  This control allows exact correlation between time and temperature and will answer the question, “How can I dry paint faster”.

By Bob Lyons – Business Development

Download printable version:  Dry Paint Fast_News

Infrared ovens force-cure industrial coatings

June 22, 2014

Categories: Coating Solutions, Infrared cure, News, Paint Problem

I’ve previously commented that uncured paint often delays shipments or results in complaints when customers unpack their products and discover damage. Fortunately, infrared ovens can force-cure coatings and eliminate these delays and complaints.

Predicting delays or complaints can be as difficult as predicting the weather, which in fact has a lot to do with the problem.  One day the paint is dry and hard. The next day it remains soft and sticky.

To understand the problem, it is helpful to make the distinction between “drying” and “curing” of a coating.  A coating is dry when the carrier (water or a solvent) evaporates and leaves the paint.  At that point, the paint is dry-to-touch and can be handled. Curing is more complicated and occurs when the resin in the coating forms a solid film. The curing process generally takes longer than the drying process and is very dependent on temperature.

Most coating performance properties require that the coating be cured, not simply dry. For example, film hardness, blocking resistance (surface defects from early coating contact with another surface), chemical, moisture, and abrasion resistance are achieved only when the coating is fully cured.

Understanding the distinction between drying and curing helps explain why complaints are more common in cool weather. The coating may feel dry-to-touch, but it is not fully cured and hard. Surface defects occur when the parts stick together or are prematurely damaged by contact with packaging materials.

The classic answer to this problem is to switch to a coating that requires baking the coating in an oven to “cure” it. Bake coatings can be liquid or powder, and will form a film only when exposed to high temperatures, usually 300° – 450°F.

Portable Infrared Oven

 A less expensive option is to add a heat source to force-cure a coating that would otherwise dry and cure by itself if given sufficient time.

This can be done efficiently by adding infrared (IR) heaters in the process line to force-cure the coatings to allow for fast and problem free shipments.

Infrared offers many advantages over convection ovens:

  • Increased line speed through-put
  • Lower utility costs – energy savings
  • Shorter overall cure time
  • Shorter conveyor length requires less floor space and investment
  • Less work in process
  • Infrared modules can be portable and adjustable
  • Lower carbon emissions
  • Less air movement and therefore less dust in the air
  • IR introduces less heat into the work environment.

Paint manufacturers, like Carbit Paint Co. in Chicago, have programmable IR lab and conventional baking ovens that can help determine whether a conventional baking system or force cure systems with infrared will best prevent delays in shipments or complaints due to under- cured coatings.

By: Bob Lyons –  Business Development

Download printable version:  IR FORCE CURE_News

Factory mixed colors made-to-order

May 22, 2014

Categories: Coating Solutions, Factory mixed paint colors, Made-to-order paint, News

Manufacturers of metal machinery, pipes and valves have long forgotten the days of Henry Ford; who produced cars in any color as long as they were “black”.  Today, manufacturers of all types are expected to produce products in a wide range of colors to meet the particular needs of their customers.

The explosion of color availability was made possible by the development of tinting systems. These systems add exact amounts of liquid colorants to bases designed to produce a wide range of colors.

  •  Tinting systems are widely used in architectural paints because of their versatility.
  • Any quantity of a color – quart, gallon or five – can be tinted in the paint store.

Prior to the introduction of tinting, color was achieved by adding dry pigments in the paint factory to produce what is known as “factory-mixed” or “ready-mixed” colors.

Pigments for factory mixed colors

Pigments for factory mixed colors

These factory mixed colors are often preferred by industrial applicators for several reasons:

  • They frequently have better coverage than tints, particularly saturated yellows and reds.
  • The addition of dry pigments can add to the overall durability of the coating. For example: resistance to fading and corrosion.
  • Factory mixed colors reduce the possibility of color inconsistency between containers.

There are paint manufacturers, like Carbit Paint in Chicago, that  specialize in supplying factory mixed colors on a made-to-order basis. These manufactures produce alkyds, acrylics and urethanes in small batch quantities, as little as 25 gallons, to meet the need for color variety without losing the benefits of factory mixed colors.

Fast Turnaround Maintenance Painting

August 26, 2013

Categories: Coating Solutions, Maintenance Painting, News

Well maintained mechanical rooms, janitor closets, laundries, back-corridors, stairways, etc., contribute to positive employee attitudes. They also promote safer working conditions and valuable public relations when viewed by the public.

Frequently, however, maintenance painting is postponed due to:

  • surface preparation requirements
  • paint odor complaints
  • paints taking too long to dry

The common mandate that a surface must be dry, clean and sound before maintenance painting is a major barrier to fast turnaround. This is because “cleaning” usually requires wetting the surface, which then requires more time for drying. However, using a non-woven abrasive to prepare the surface, then applying fast-drying, low odor acrylic paints provides both fast turnaround maintenance painting and great results.

A non-woven abrasive, like 3M ScotchBrite®, and a vacuum can be used to clean the surface without wetting it*.  The non-woven abrasives will loosen old paint, dirt, etc., and roughen glossy surfaces to ensure adhesion of the new paint. After scuff-cleaning, the surface is vacuumed to remove loosened material resulting in a dry, clean and sound substrate ready for maintenance painting. (*Spot clean oily areas with a cleaner/degreaser prior to scuff-cleaning.)

Slow drying paint and paint with strong odor are two more reasons projects are postponed.  Application of paint is relatively quick, but there can be large differences between the dry time and odor of paints. Fortunately, there is a new class of water base acrylic paints, like the Carbit 387 Series. It dries to touch in 30 minutes, can be recoated in 1 hour, and withstands foot traffic in two hours. Best of it all, it has practically no odor.

The picture below illustrates a successful application of this procedure.  This mechanical room floor (3000 sq. ft.) was prepped and painted by three people in four hours and fully back in service within a single work shift.



 In conclusion, maintenance painting can be performed without shut down.  Keep the surfaces dry by removing contaminants with non-woven abrasives and vacuuming. Reduce odor complaints and dry time by applying low-odor, fast-drying acrylic paints.

For more information on the “mechanical room” project download  Easy Floor Maintenance.